Sende option wikipedia
A call optionoften simply labeled a "call", is a financial contract between two parties, the buyer and the seller of this type of option. The seller or "writer" is obligated sende option wikipedia sell the commodity or financial instrument to the buyer if the buyer so decides.
The buyer pays a fee called a sende option wikipedia for this right. The term "call" comes from the fact that the owner has the right to "call the stock away" from the seller. Option sende option wikipedia vary with the value of the underlying instrument over time.
The price sende option wikipedia the call contract must reflect the "likelihood" or chance of the call finishing in-the-money. The call contract price generally will be higher when the contract has more time to expire except in cases when a significant dividend is present and when the underlying financial instrument shows more volatility. Determining this value is one of the central functions of financial mathematics.
The sende option wikipedia common method used is the Black—Scholes formula. Importantly, the Black-Scholes formula provides an estimate of the price of European-style options. Adjustment to Call Option: When a call option is in-the-money i. Some of them are as follows:. Similarly if the buyer is making loss on his position i. Trading options involves a constant monitoring of the option value, which is affected by the following factors:.
Moreover, the dependence of the option value to price, volatility and time is not linear — which makes the analysis even more complex. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about financial options. For call options in general, see Option law. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey A Practical Guide for Managers. Energy derivative Freight derivative Inflation derivative Property derivative Weather derivative. Retrieved from " https: Articles needing additional references from Sende option wikipedia All articles needing additional references.
Though information architecture IA has been represented in Wikipedia sincesubject coverage remains inadequate. Sende option wikipedia current, academically oriented information and references, the article fails to meet quality standards. A proposed WikiProject would bring needed enhancements to the quality of the IA page to present an accurate and comprehensive picture of the field with appropriate links to related topics.
A Wikipedia IA editathon sende option wikipedia the Information Architecture Summit provided an opportunity to jumpstart the WikiProject, with new page editors enlisted as Wikipedians. Editing a Wikipedia page is open to all, though editors are expected to follow policies, rules and guidelines. Topic tagging enables linked, open collection of information, stored in the Wikidata knowledge base and linked to other Wiki sites and external databases through identifier properties.
All are invited to improve the Wikipedia Information Architecture entry by strengthening and tagging the content, adding references sende option wikipedia building links. Information architecture IA is a mess on Wikipedia. We all know the coverage is inadequate, to say the least.
In fact when Ted Nelson gave his keynote at the Information Architecture Summit this year, he mentioned looking up information architecture on Wikipedia to prepare for the talk, and the entire crowd groaned.
What can we do as a community to correct this rather embarrassing problem? Could this be true? If we take Wurman as a start, then IA is a field of practice that is approaching its 40th anniversary [ 2 ]. Preserving and elevating the artifacts of so many years of information sende option wikipedia practice is critical. It is our livelihood.
The current Wikipedia article for information architecture requires findable, up-to-date information that highlights academic research and proceedings and references to notable IA practices and thought leadership.
I proposed to create WikiProject Information Architecture [ 3 ] as a way for our community to ensure that information architecture is described and cited accurately and consistently across sende option wikipedia related Wikipedia articles. WikiProject Sende option wikipedia Architecture intends to recognize and celebrate the foundations of this field by discovering and informing the public about the history, tools, practitioners and benefits of information architecture.
In Februarythe first Wikipedia article about information architecture sende option wikipedia. The entire entry contained a single sentence: At this time the article was a simple description with no citations or attributions.
The earliest versions of the information architecture article were a collection sende option wikipedia statements and names without attribution sende option wikipedia external references. Without these basic things, there is no way to test the validity of the information presented in the article.
For example, the list of notable information architects could have been anyone. There were no links to articles about the listed people, so notability is unclear despite what we in the industry may know about Jesse, Lou and Peter.
Wikipedia has a fairly strict conflict of interest policy. That, combined with a lack of verification sende option wikipedia notability, is probably why the names were removed. In fact, without reference to an independent source for any of the content, the article failed pretty much all of the basic sende option wikipedia rules for a Wikipedia article.
It should have been deleted. Yet, the information architecture article continued to exist. After the initial article was created, more people started adding and deleting and shaping the article.
Wikipedia maintains revision statistics on every article via an sende option wikipedia tool called X! To date, the article has been edited times at a rate of about one edit per week.
Nearly half of the edits There are people watching the page, which means they will get an alert anytime the page is changed; pages link to the information architecture article and link out. Many of the out links are topics embedded in the information science and semantic web templates that are included on the page. While not technically a part of the article body, the fact that information architecture is included on these templates lends some notability to the topic.
Only 17 out links are external to Wikipedia [ 7 ]. Clearly there is a lot of information already on Wikipedia that can be used to help develop information architecture as a topic there. Back inAndrew Hinton presented 25 Theses [ 8 ], stating that access to findable, usable information is a necessity. Sende option wikipedia and data from Wikipedia are increasingly being used by people, search engines and content developers to discover, uncover and share information about all kinds of subjects.
For many it has become an essential resource. Wikipedia is more than just a global, multi-language, linked encyclopedia. It is a community of people committed to accurate and deep discovery of a world of topics. I see a common value between information architects and Wikipedians.
Our field has historically had difficulty disambiguating itself from other practices, such as interaction design, systems architecture and building architecture. What sende option wikipedia way to do this than by using our own expertise at disambiguation and structure? To support this effort and ensure its ongoing success, I proposed a WikiProject for information architecture [ 9 ].
WikiProjects are groups of Wikipedia editors who work on a specific topic or set of tasks to improve Wikipedia. It sende option wikipedia a way our community can help to improve the quality and discoverability of IA on Wikipedia.
In the end I have a rather grand goal: WikiProject Information Architecture will help present the information architecture field to the world more accurately and with more authority through discovery of IA thought leaders, activity, achievement and links to the history of knowledge organization and discovery. The sende option wikipedia description is somewhat more modest: I invited attendees to become Wikipedians to help discover and promote sende option wikipedia people, events and history of information architecture.
My plan sende option wikipedia the editathon was to present a very brief introduction to editing rules, after which we would work on the information architecture article and related pages. I invited three Wikipedians from the Minnesota Wikipedia Group to help facilitate the session. If you were unable to attend, I encourage anyone who is interested in this work to join us in our continuing endeavor. Below is a brief introduction to Wikipedia editing and some content rules. I created a complete tutorial [ 10 ] and suggestions for next steps.
The WikiProject information architecture page contains sample articles to work from and an online, editable list of IA practitioners, topics, methodologies and links to research, publications and educational programs. The lists are evolving thanks to a small army of new Wikipedians.
Wikipedia articles have several components, including the article, the talk page, the edit view and the history view, among other parts. Every Wikipedia page edit is publicly visible, and every page edit you make is sende option wikipedia to your user account or IP. Editors use the talk page of an article to discuss possible additions and problems with a page.
Anyone can edit these pages sende option wikipedia add to the discussion. Both article pages and talk pages have edit views. The View History page lets you take a peek at changes that have occurred during the lifetime of the article from the time it was created. To experiment with page editing, you can use the shared Sandbox [ 11 ] or your personal sandbox.
Your Sandbox is a good place to start a new article. The Shared sandbox is a bit more public and might allow you immediate feedback if you use it. You can also use the Article Wizard [ 12 ], which walks you through creating and submitting a new article, including tips and links to support forums and other Wikipedians who can help you. A cheat sheet [ 13 ] for commonly used markup is available to help you remember how to create headings, formatting and links. Any text that appears between two curly brackets indicates a template, which can be Wikipedia created content as well sende option wikipedia templates you can create yourself.
Note however that Wikipedia will record your IP address if you do make an edit without logging in. User accounts can be anonymous and many active Wikipedians prefer to be anonymous, particularly those who work on relatively controversial subject areas.
There is a long article on user names [ 14 ] to help you decide how to choose a name. You can edit your user page with a brief introduction about who you are and the kinds of articles you like to edit.
If you would like to identify yourself as a member of WikiProject Information Architecture, you can add the following template to your user page:. The five pillars of Wikipedia govern how it should be treated from the perspective of editors and readers. Neutral Point of View. Are you telling all sides of the story? Wikipedia articles must be written from a neutral point of view, which sende option wikipedia be somewhat difficult if the topic is relatively new or subject to any kind of public controversy.
As long as you represent any and all significant views fairly, proportionately and without bias, your article should be unchallenged. Wikipedia offers templates that allow editors to tag articles with various warnings Figure 1.
These tags often have helpful information about how to improve the article, including links to content rules and sources.
Can you support the statements you make in your article? Material challenged and all quotations must be attributed to a reliable, published source. This support even includes material that is unlikely to be challenged. In Wikipedia, verifiability means that people reading and editing the encyclopedia can check that information comes from a reliable source and is not something that you made up.
Have you provided adequate citations and references? Wikipedia editors prefer academic and peer-reviewed publications, which tend to be considered by Wikipedians as the most reliable sources. Articles in sende option wikipedia newspapers, magazines and journals are good resources, as are college-level textbooks and books published by known and respected publishing houses.
Self-published books can be considered to have less reliability as they may be seen as self-promotion, although publishing models are changing rapidly sende option wikipedia more self-published books, particularly in industry practices, are available today. Is the content you are posting new, untested or original? Wikipedia is an encyclopedia, not a position paper and not a research journal.
It does not sende option wikipedia original thought. If the sende option wikipedia you wish to add to Wikipedia, such as a unique methodology or tool, can be attributed to a reliable, published source, then you should be fine.
You may be able to reference published sources that suggest a sende option wikipedia position about a topic, as long as the text of the article does not advance any new theory or idea. Does the topic warrant its own article?
And he is ahead or even with Hillary in Florida, PA, Ohio, Michigan and Wisconsin. Those states all went for Obama and would be sende option wikipedia than enough to tip the election if they flipped back red. Come back and talk to me when you are living in reality.