Day trading laws australia
Basically a day trader is somebody who buys and sells shares and other financial instruments such as futures and options on a frequent basis. Often it is within the same day and certainly on an active basis. For some it's an intensive hobby and for others they have given up their day job and spend every weekday watching the markets.
Rarely would you find somebody start as a day trader from nowhere; inevitably it is an interest in the markets that builds up over time. Daley describes the type of person best suited to active trading as someone "who has the time to monitor the sharemarket regularly, is able to analyse market and company performances, can understand the greater economic and business issues affecting industry sectors and is comfortable with trading stocks regularly.
You also need to be self-directed and disciplined. While not all day traders are alike, the one thing they all have in common is a strategy or trading plan. However, the nature of these strategies can vary significantly in terms of risk, assessment techniques, size and even types of investments traded. Diversification is the name of the game, particularly if you are gearing into your trades otherwise the risks can be substantial.
You need to diversify across companies and across industries, so that if one sector falls, you limit the downside. The Commsec product allows you to monitor movements as they happen, personalise your desktop for your trading style and place orders. In addition to this, many traders use software programs or toolboxes that reflect their trading style. Some programs are set "black box" programs which just provide you with a proprietary system that tells you when to buy and sell without explaining the reasoning behind the decision.
You are probably better with a program that gives you the flexibility to adapt it to your own needs. And this is where you need to educate yourself so you are in a position to make the toolbox your own and thus make wise trading decisions. What you choose will depend on your strategy. The different strategies include charting, momentum trading, mispricing and fundamentals.
It assumes that financial instruments which have been rising steadily will reverse and start to fall, and vice versa. The contrarian trader buys an instrument which has been falling, or short-sells a rising one, in the expectation that the trend will change. Range trading, or range-bound trading, is a trading style in which stocks are watched that have either been rising off a support price or falling off a resistance price.
That is, every time the stock hits a high, it falls back to the low, and vice versa. Such a stock is said to be "trading in a range", which is the opposite of trending. A related approach to range trading is looking for moves outside of an established range, called a breakout price moves up or a breakdown price moves down , and assume that once the range has been broken prices will continue in that direction for some time. Scalping was originally referred to as spread trading.
Scalping is a trading style where small price gaps created by the bid-ask spread are exploited by the speculator. It normally involves establishing and liquidating a position quickly, usually within minutes or even seconds. Scalping highly liquid instruments for off-the-floor day traders involves taking quick profits while minimizing risk loss exposure.
The basic idea of scalping is to exploit the inefficiency of the market when volatility increases and the trading range expands. When stock values suddenly rise, they short sell securities that seem overvalued. Rebate trading is an equity trading style that uses ECN rebates as a primary source of profit and revenue. Most ECNs charge commissions to customers who want to have their orders filled immediately at the best prices available, but the ECNs pay commissions to buyers or sellers who "add liquidity" by placing limit orders that create "market-making" in a security.
Rebate traders seek to make money from these rebates and will usually maximize their returns by trading low priced, high volume stocks. This enables them to trade more shares and contribute more liquidity with a set amount of capital, while limiting the risk that they will not be able to exit a position in the stock.
The basic strategy of news playing is to buy a stock which has just announced good news, or short sell on bad news. Such events provide enormous volatility in a stock and therefore the greatest chance for quick profits or losses. Determining whether news is "good" or "bad" must be determined by the price action of the stock, because the market reaction may not match the tone of the news itself. This is because rumors or estimates of the event like those issued by market and industry analysts will already have been circulated before the official release, causing prices to move in anticipation.
The price movement caused by the official news will therefore be determined by how good the news is relative to the market's expectations, not how good it is in absolute terms. Keeping things simple can also be an effective methodology when it comes to trading. These traders rely on a combination of price movement, chart patterns, volume, and other raw market data to gauge whether or not they should take a trade. This is seen as a "simplistic" and "minimalist" approach to trading but is not by any means easier than any other trading methodology.
It requires a solid background in understanding how markets work and the core principles within a market, but the good thing about this type of methodology is it will work in virtually any market that exists stocks, foreign exchange, futures, gold, oil, etc.
An estimated one third of stock trades in in United States were generated by automatic algorithms , or high-frequency trading. The increased use of algorithms and quantitative techniques has led to more competition and smaller profits.
Commissions for direct-access brokers are calculated based on volume. The more shares traded, the cheaper the commission. A scalper can cover such costs with even a minimal gain.
The numerical difference between the bid and ask prices is referred to as the bid-ask spread. Most worldwide markets operate on a bid-ask -based system.
The ask prices are immediate execution market prices for quick buyers ask takers while bid prices are for quick sellers bid takers. If a trade is executed at quoted prices, closing the trade immediately without queuing would always cause a loss because the bid price is always less than the ask price at any point in time.
The bid-ask spread is two sides of the same coin. The spread can be viewed as trading bonuses or costs according to different parties and different strategies. On one hand, traders who do NOT wish to queue their order, instead paying the market price, pay the spreads costs. On the other hand, traders who wish to queue and wait for execution receive the spreads bonuses. Some day trading strategies attempt to capture the spread as additional, or even the only, profits for successful trades.
Market data is necessary for day traders, rather than using the delayed by anything from 10 to 60 minutes, per exchange rules  market data that is available for free. A real-time data feed requires paying fees to the respective stock exchanges, usually combined with the broker's charges; these fees are usually very low compared to the other costs of trading.
The fees may be waived for promotional purposes or for customers meeting a minimum monthly volume of trades. Even a moderately active day trader can expect to meet these requirements, making the basic data feed essentially "free".
In addition to the raw market data, some traders purchase more advanced data feeds that include historical data and features such as scanning large numbers of stocks in the live market for unusual activity.
Complicated analysis and charting software are other popular additions. These types of systems can cost from tens to hundreds of dollars per month to access. Day trading is considered a risky trading style, and regulations [ which? Pattern day trader is a term defined by the SEC to describe any trader who buys and sells a particular security in the same trading day day trades , and does this four or more times in any five consecutive business day period.
It is important to note that this requirement is only for day traders using a margin account. In addition to the legal restrictions, day trading is speculation considered negatively both as personal behavior and for the potential damages on the real economy.
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